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A Quick Summary of Classical Music


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A Quick Summary of Classical Music

Music from the classical period had distinctive characteristics. For example, the melody was short, clearly defined, and it had contrasting themes. Additionally, the rhythm was regular and the texture was homophonic. Moreover, classical composers favored a solo concerto to a concerto grosso. The emphasis on a solo artist accompanied by an orchestra meant that composers had to look for a soloist who had exceptional skills.

Eras Closely Associated With Classical Music

The classical period lasted from 1750 to 1825. It succeeded the Baroque Era, but it preceded Romantic Music. Music academics agree that classical music had a clearer and lighter texture than Baroque music did. They also claim that it was less complex than its predecessor was. Thankfully, classical composers were not as dependent on wealthy families and religious institutions for their sustenance as other composers were. This increased sense of independence made it possible for them to focus on compositions meant for the public.

Instruments Used In Classical Music

The fortepiano replaced the harpsichord as the instrument of choice among composers. Then the piano succeeded the fortepiano. You should note that the string section of classical orchestras included a violin, a viola, a cello, and a double bass. Woodwind instruments included the basset clarinet, the flute, the oboe, and the bassoon among others. Finally, brasses included the French horn, trombone, and trumpet among others.

Prominent Composers of Classical Music

Joseph Haydn (1732 – 1809)

Haydn was a great musical composer of Austrian descent. He mentored Mozart, he taught Beethoven, and he was the elder brother of Michael Haydn. These individuals became great musicians thanks to Haydn's influence and teaching skills. Additionally, music academics credit him with the advancement of chamber music including the piano trio. They also refer to him as the Father of the Symphony & String Quartet.

Luigi Boccherini (1743 – 1805)

Boccherini was an Italian composer whose principal instrument was the cello. He maintained a courtly style to his music, which differentiated him from many of his contemporaries. His most famous work included a String Quinter in E in addition to a Cello Concerto in B-flat major.

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